Updated Dec 2014
In the aftermath of the Scottish independence referendum, democratic reform within the UK has become a central issue.
a strong United Kingdom is one in which Scotland and the other devolved nations have more powers to control their own affairs, and power is also decentralised within England
For Scotland we support a model of enhanced devolution which we call 'devo more'. This model would hand over additional powers and responsibilities to the devolved parliament, meeting many of the aspirations of Scottish voters while keeping Scotland in the union.
Endorsed by the cross-party Smith Commission, Nov 2014
More widely, the energy and momentum created by the Scottish independence debate needs to be built on.
a Constitutional Convention, based on the Irish model, with a strong element of citizen participation as well as involving elected politicians
We support the idea of a radical decentralisation of power away from Westminster. Decentralising power means devolving responsibilities and decisions to local areas that the people who live there actually identify with
directly elected mayors are the best means of holding local power accountable
We therefore support plans for strong ‘metro mayors’, such as the one proposed for Greater Manchester, with accompanying devolution deals.
A strong democracy will recognise the diversity of nations, cities, towns and communities that make up the United Kingdom, and devise ways to decentralise responsibilities and powers which are appropriate to each place.
Endorsed by the deputy prime minister, Sep 2014
Dispersing power means bringing a wider range of participants into direct contact with our democratic processes, including people from all parts of the country and all sections of society.
expansion of initiatives, like citizens' assemblies, that ensure the voice of ordinary citizens is heard in political decision-making
At the same time, we believe the strengthening of English identity is a social and cultural phenomenon that should be recognised and celebrated, to support England's political role and to counter expressions of Englishness based on nationalism or exclusion.
If public confidence in our political culture is to be revived then our political system must seek to hold power accountable, wherever it resides.
transformative democratic reform must aim to create new sites of political and economic power in different locations and different sections of society
Entrenched and deepening patterns of political inequality along social and economic lines pose a clear danger to our democracy.
In particular, people who are older and wealthier are much more likely to vote than younger, poorer people. Because elected politicians are more responsive to the interests of the people who do vote, this creates a vicious cycle. As politicians pay less attention to their needs, younger and less well-off people feel more and more that they are being ignored, and so become less and less likely to vote at the next opportunity.
To tackle this growing political inequality radical measures are required to include the voices of the excluded in our democratic process.
a form of compulsory voting, in which voting is compulsory for an individual's first eligible election
Voting once can create a good habit of voting in future. Also, by increasing participation among a younger demographic, compulsory first-time voting would force politicians to focus on a wider range of groups and needs in society.
Political parties play a vital role in encouraging and enabling democratic participation. But they are in serious trouble: membership has collapsed making political parties – and the elites that run them – more remote and disconnected from the population at large. This creates a void in which populist parties and their anti-politics rhetoric are able to flourish.
We believe political parties must be revived. To do so, they must become broader, less tribal movements.
a model of state funding that encourages them to reach out to the communities they serve
State funding would support parties' important activities, and also reduce the influence of 'big money' (from businesses or unions) in our political system.
Some change in our traditional political structures at Westminster and Whitehall is required to ensure that the civil service is more responsive and accountable to ministers and parliament, while remaining professional and non-partisan.
a greater role for the prime minister in appointing permanent secretaries, and stronger support for ministers
We believe senior civil servants should be directly accountable to parliament for the major work of their departments, and that ministerial offices should be extended to provide the resources that ministers need to do a good job.
Adopted by Coalition government, June 2013
a clear in/out referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union
There is a strong democratic imperative to hold an in/out EU referendum. It would also provide an invaluable opportunity and stimulus for pro-European supporters to make the case for the UK's continuing membership.