School Admissions in the United States: Policy, Research and Practice
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of evidence from the US to inform the admissions policy debate.
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of US evidence from research and practice to inform the school admissions policy debate. It describes the organisation of admissions policy in the US and identifyies three admissions policy drivers at play: the desire to create neighbourhood schools, intake balancing, and parental school choice and differentiation.
The paper analyses the research evidence supporting these drivers and discusses the complex interaction between them. The impact of school composition on educational outcomes, both direct and indirect is discussed.
The paper goes on to examine three alternative US admissions systems where "controlled choice" is in action. Case studies from North Carolina, Massachusetts and San Francisco show how school districts have developed innovative admissions systems, balancing the policy drivers as part of strategies for raising standards and narrowing achievement gaps. Methods combine an element of parental choice with methods such as random selection, setting floor and ceiling targets for the numbers of deprived pupils and a points weighted system of school assignment which draws on pupils background and previous attainment.
The paper discusses the relative benefits and drawbacks of each system and, in the context of the vigourous debate over school admissions, provides some vital pointers for achieving a fairer system in England.
You may be interested in...
IPPR in the news
Net migration down by a third in a year
The Telegraph - 24 May 2013Dalia Ben-Galim on families (29 mins)
BBC Newsnight - 24 May 2013Minorities embrace Englishness, even as metropolitan whites shun it
The Economist - 24 May 2013Net migration to UK lowest in decade after fall in overseas students
Financial Times (£) - 24 May 2013
Number of immigrants at its lowest for a decade
Daily Mail - 24 May 2013UK’s immigration hits 10-year low
The Sun - 24 May 2013UK net migration shrinks further, official figures show
The Guardian - 24 May 2013Who benefits from welfare?
Prospect £ - 23 May 2013
UK higher education: let's not follow the leader but develop our own vision
The Guardian - 22 May 2013Mervyn King's housing warning is too little, too late
The Guardian - 21 May 2013Nigel Farage and Alex Salmond trade insults in battle of nationalists
The Guardian - 20 May 2013Local solutions are the key to full employment
New Statesman, Staggers blog - 20 May 2013
Exam fail kids are facing jobs woe
The Sun - 15 May 2013Will Ed Miliband be the Doctor Who of politics?
The Telegraph - 14 May 2013Labour will not be able to meet child poverty targets, says thinktank chief
The Guardian - 13 May 2013Slave-to-work dads ‘being squeezed out of family life,' says MP Jon Cruddas
Manchester Evening News - 13 May 2013
Laptop U: Has the future of college moved online?
The New Yorker - 13 May 2013Ed Cox on 'two-speed Britain'
Observer - 12 May 2013Francis Maude to consider fixed terms for top mandarins
Financial Times (£) - 12 May 2013Childcare reforms in chaos
Daily Mirror - 10 May 2013