School Admissions in the United States: Policy, Research and Practice
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of evidence from the US to inform the admissions policy debate.
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of US evidence from research and practice to inform the school admissions policy debate. It describes the organisation of admissions policy in the US and identifyies three admissions policy drivers at play: the desire to create neighbourhood schools, intake balancing, and parental school choice and differentiation.
The paper analyses the research evidence supporting these drivers and discusses the complex interaction between them. The impact of school composition on educational outcomes, both direct and indirect is discussed.
The paper goes on to examine three alternative US admissions systems where "controlled choice" is in action. Case studies from North Carolina, Massachusetts and San Francisco show how school districts have developed innovative admissions systems, balancing the policy drivers as part of strategies for raising standards and narrowing achievement gaps. Methods combine an element of parental choice with methods such as random selection, setting floor and ceiling targets for the numbers of deprived pupils and a points weighted system of school assignment which draws on pupils background and previous attainment.
The paper discusses the relative benefits and drawbacks of each system and, in the context of the vigourous debate over school admissions, provides some vital pointers for achieving a fairer system in England.
You may be interested in...
IPPR in the news
State must catch up with modern family dynamics
The Guardian - 11 Dec 2013Place children and elderly at centre stage
The Telegraph - 11 Dec 2013Age of scandal a danger for democracy
Yorkshire Post - 11 Dec 2013We need a strong regional skills policy
The Times (£) - 10 Dec 2013
Science to drive a new British economy
Times Higher Education - 10 Dec 2013Public infrastructure investment just £5 per head in the North East
The Journal - 10 Dec 2013Transport infrastructure spend just £245 per head in the North
The Independent on Sunday - 09 Dec 2013Decentralise housing and transport powers
New Statesman - 09 Dec 2013
North South infrastructure plan divide
The Independent - 06 Dec 2013Tax relief for childcare won't make it cheaper
The Telegraph - 06 Dec 2013We need a green economy
BBC News - 06 Dec 2013Retrain people in their 50s and 60s
The Financial Times (£) - 05 Dec 2013
Transport infrastructure spending far higher in London
The Spectator - 05 Dec 2013Universities should pay a living wage
Times Higher Education - 05 Dec 2013Tax free childcare will not cut childcare costs
Nursery World - 05 Dec 2013Parents thousands of pounds worse of with Govt's tax relief plan
The Telegraph - 04 Dec 2013
New competitors in the energy market
The Independent - 04 Dec 2013Areas like London must prep for Romanian and Bulgarian migrants
BBC News - 04 Dec 2013Cuts to ECO are a panicky response
The Guardian - 03 Dec 2013Green deal loan take up pitiful
The Guardian - 03 Dec 2013