School Admissions in the United States: Policy, Research and Practice
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of evidence from the US to inform the admissions policy debate.
This paper reviews and distils a considerable body of US evidence from research and practice to inform the school admissions policy debate. It describes the organisation of admissions policy in the US and identifyies three admissions policy drivers at play: the desire to create neighbourhood schools, intake balancing, and parental school choice and differentiation.
The paper analyses the research evidence supporting these drivers and discusses the complex interaction between them. The impact of school composition on educational outcomes, both direct and indirect is discussed.
The paper goes on to examine three alternative US admissions systems where "controlled choice" is in action. Case studies from North Carolina, Massachusetts and San Francisco show how school districts have developed innovative admissions systems, balancing the policy drivers as part of strategies for raising standards and narrowing achievement gaps. Methods combine an element of parental choice with methods such as random selection, setting floor and ceiling targets for the numbers of deprived pupils and a points weighted system of school assignment which draws on pupils background and previous attainment.
The paper discusses the relative benefits and drawbacks of each system and, in the context of the vigourous debate over school admissions, provides some vital pointers for achieving a fairer system in England.
You may be interested in...
IPPR in the news
Spencer Thompson on small firms, jobs and sick pay (7min)
BBC Radio Essex - 22 Apr 2014Graeme Cooke on alternatives to payday lenders (45min)
BBC Radio 4 Today - 22 Apr 20141% increase in NI rates could bring in £4bn each year for NHS
The Independent - 22 Apr 2014One-off payday-loan levy would help fund affordable lending
The Guardian - 21 Apr 2014
Church of Scotland welcomes IPPR plan for affordable lenders
The Herald - 21 Apr 2014Call for clampdown on payday lenders
The Times - 21 Apr 2014We must do everything we can to help SMEs carry on the good work
The Independent - 21 Apr 2014Most of these elderly people have a simple need – not to be on their own
The Observer - 20 Apr 2014
One in four small firms plans to hire this year
The Telegraph - 19 Apr 2014Wales says no to Scottish independence
WalesOnline - 19 Apr 2014Ministers are 'not trusted'
Daily Mirror - 14 Apr 2014A real alternative to loan sharks
Sunday People - 14 Apr 2014
Politicians of all stripes suffer sharp fall in trust
Telegraph - 14 Apr 201436% have faith in the parliamentary system
Metro - 14 Apr 2014Labour pledges to introduce Regional Ministers
ITV News - 09 Apr 2014Putting the voice of English regions at the heart of decision-making
The Independent - 09 Apr 2014
Labour's plan to 'bust open' civil service
Guardian - 09 Apr 2014Young electorate showing disenchantment with today’s politics
Financial Times - 08 Apr 2014Labour's plans to boost Whitehall diversity
Evening Standard - 07 Apr 2014Dugher plan to 'bust open' Whitehall to 'working class'
BBC News Website - 07 Apr 2014