Manifesto policy impact 2019
IPPR has seen great success with many policy proposals being adopted by parties across the political spectrum during General Election 2019:
The Conservative party has moved away from Theresa May's restrictive approach to immigration and in doing so have adopted IPPR proposals including introducing a student visa to help universities attract talented young people and boosting English language teaching to empower existing migrants and help promote integration. On housing, the party adopted our recommendation to abolish 'no fault' evictions and only requiring one 'lifetime' deposit which moves with the tenant.
The Conservative Party manifesto talks of 'levelling up' the country through commitments similar to those advocated by IPPR North - including devolving power to people and places across England. Their manifesto also affirms a commitment to the Northern Powerhouse and pledges to deliver Northern Powerhouse Rail.
The party also proposed policies that mirror IPPR's calls for reforms of the tax system, entrepreneurs' relief and employment law enforcement. There were also policies around competition, corporate governance, industrial strategy, the labour market and tax that align with arguments we made in the IPPR Commission on Economic Justice.
The Labour party adopted a key IPPR policy proposal - taxing income from wealth the same as income from work - and referenced our work in their costings document. IPPR analysis was also cited for the party's plan to redirect R&D Tax Credits to direct innovation funding. Labour also adopted a number of policies closely mirroring IPPR Commission on Economic Justice recommendations around employee ownership, house building, a stronger role for unions, a National Investment Bank, minimum wage rise, corporate governance, economic devolution and tax.
Labour's flagship free personal care policy was inspired by recommendations in the IPPR Lord Darzi Review and manifesto commitments on mental health, public health and NHS capital spending also closely mirror proposals set out by IPPR's Better Health and Care team. The party has also committed to welfare reforms in line with IPPR proposals to guarantee a new minimum standard of living and ending the harshest elements of Universal Credit, such as the two-child limit. Plans for a new constitutional settlement, investment in Northern transport infrastructure and devolution, mirror those proposed by IPPR North. Labour's environment and climate policies also correspond with early calls made by the IPPR Environmental Justice Commission and their plans for a Climate and Environment Emergency Bill match IPPR's proposed Sustainable Economy Act.
The Labour plan for their renegotiated Brexit deal includes objectives such as a permanent and comprehensive UK-wide customs union, close alignment with the single market, and dynamic alignment on workers' rights, consumer rights and environmental protections, just as IPPR's Shared Market report proposed.
The Liberal Democrat manifesto includes policies recommended in IPPR North research including an inclusive programme of devolution with the understanding that a "one size fits all" approach to devolution won't work.
The Liberal Democrats also included a number of proposals from the IPPR Commission on Economic Justice including replacing the business rates system, a skills and training levy, support for the tech sector, house building, strengthening union representation and a 20 per cent higher minimum wage for those on zero hours contracts. Their policies around automation and skills, economic devolution, industrial strategy and taxation also align with our economic arguments and agenda.
The Liberal Democrats have also announced plans for a Just Transition Fund for workers affected by the response to the climate emergency - a key IPPR environment policy proposal. Their plans to improve protections against rogue landlords and give tenants more security also mirrors our housing proposals. The Liberal Democrat 'Training Up Britain' programme also contains features similar to those recommended by IPPR to improve migrants' labour market integration.
The Green Party's ambitious plans to tackle climate breakdown include a number of key IPPR policy recommendations including a Future Generations Act and a Sustainable Economy Act. Similarly, on housing policy the Green Party's plans mirror IPPR's proposals on council house building, protections for renters and for Council Tax and Business Rates to be replaced with a Land Value Tax