Emissions of carbon dioxide from passenger cars make up around 12 per cent of Europe's total emissions. Substantial reductions in tailpipe emissions will be necessary if the sector is to meet its share of responsibility for achieving targets for combating climate change.
Reducing the tailpipe emissions from cars will require a package of policies focused across four contributory factors: fuel carbon intensity, vehicle efficiency, driving technique and distance driven. The focus of this paper is on the second of these, increasing vehicle efficiency, and the role that mandatory targets can play in bringing forward improvements in this area.
Snakes and ladders: Tackling precarity in social security and employment supportAcross the country, people are trying to make ends meet, build financial security and pursue their aspirations. But, in a vicious cycle of snakes and ladders, many are being pulled down into poverty.
Making markets: The City's role in industrial strategyTo tackle climate change, we need a significant increase in public and private capital investment.
Broken hearted: A spotlight paper on cardiovascular diseaseProgress on cardiovascular disease was a significant driver of better health and prosperity in the latter half of the 20th century, however progress has recently stalled – with indications it may be in reverse.