In this essay, Professor Richard English of St Andrews University looks at the resurgence in Englishness and the 'English question' since the 1990s, asking whether we are witnessing real English nationalism or instead the related but politically less forceful phenomenon of English national identity.

After identifying the integral components of nationalism - community, struggle and power - Professor English goes on to conclude that there is no real English nationalism and, therefore, that responding to some of the related political questions is less difficult than might be expected.